CRASSH, University of Cambridge; New York University; Stanford University; University of Connecticut

The Concept Lab within the Centre for Digital Knowledge studies the architectures of conceptual forms. It is committed to the view that concepts are not equivalent to the meanings of the words which express them. The Lab considers conceptual architectures as generating structured environments for sensing that one has arrived at understanding. Through computational methodologies it seeks to describe and analyse these structured environments which have both internal and external manifestations. With respect to the internal structure of concepts we aim to characterise not only form and function but also modalities and other attributes of conceptual entities. In the case of external features we seek to uncover the conceptual networks within which concepts circulate. In both cases the Lab develops data driven accounts of these structures and networks derived from large scale corpora.

The Concept Lab aims to generate a substantial repository of data that will allow us to understand better how concepts work. Although our primary focus is on the cultural expression and manifestation of conceptual forms, deriving our data from the written record of linguistic usage, we intend our work to contribute to the understanding of concepts in the widest sense. Thus, although the Lab does not engage in experimental methodologies for exposing cognitive behaviours and does not, correspondingly, seek to explain how human agents possess concepts it does regard its work as complementary to such studies.

A second strand of work concerns the historical extension of conceptual forms. This aspect of our project seeks to identify where, how and why concepts change or emerge over time. To this end it is engaged in the production of a number of case studies that explore both the computational methodologies that are continuously revised by the Lab and the histories of words, concepts and usages that heretofore have provided the common currency of the history of ideas.

The Lab has a North American counterpart working in tandem with the Cambridge group. The four researchers in Cambridge – Peter de Bolla, Paul Nulty, Gabriel Recchia and John Regan – regularly meet remotely with the four researchers in North America – Clifford Siskin, Mark Algee-Hewitt, Bill Blake and Yohei Igarashi. The entire group has a yearly workshop that meets either in Cambridge or North America.

The work of the Lab is intended to contribute to two larger projects. One, the Cambridge Centre for Digital Knowledge based in CRASSH, seeks to further our understanding of how new knowledge is produced in the digital domain. The second, the Re: Enlightenment Project, seeks to promote innovative means for creating new knowledge.